The most effective method of defending your child against numerous hazardous illnesses is vaccination. In Canada, vaccinations protect against diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib), rotavirus, hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, pneumococcal and meningococcal diseases, human papillomavirus virus (HPV), and influenza.
You should make sure your baby get all the vaccine shots. Depending on where you reside, the timing for each shot may vary a little. Currently, the National Advisory Committee on Immunization and the Canadian Paediatric Society suggest the following:
5-in-1 or 6-in-1 vaccine (also known as DPTP-Hib), DPT-polio, or Hib vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and Hib disease, as well as hepatitis B if 6-in-1.
Rotavirus vaccine protects infants against rotavirus, the most common cause of serious diarrhea in babies and young children.
Pneumococcal vaccine protects against infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, including meningitis (a brain infection), pneumonia, and ear infections.
Meningococcal vaccine protects against diseases caused by the meningococcus bacteria, including meningitis and septicemia, a serious blood infection.
MMR vaccine protects against measles, mumps, and rubella.
Varicella vaccine protects against chickenpox, a very uncomfortable and sometimes serious infection.
Hepatitis B vaccine protects against hepatitis B, a serious infection of the liver.
dTap vaccine protects adolescents against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough).
HPV vaccine protects against the types of HPV that cause cervical cancer, some other cancers, and genital warts.
In order to protect your kid from illnesses that healthy children may handle well, additional vaccinations may be required if they have a persistent medical condition. Some vaccinations may need to be delayed until a later date, and some vaccinations may not be administered at all, if the chronic disease interferes with their immune system. Consult your physician.
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